Install Windows 10 operating system on the virtual machine

This post is lesson 12 of 16 in the subject Computer Hardware Practice

1. Lesson objectives

Teach students the process of installing the Windows 10 operating system on VMware.

Students can install operating systems on both virtual and physical machines.

2. Introduction to operating system installation

Windows 10 operating system was released on July 29, 2015, and its interface is a combination of Windows 7 and Windows 8.1.

This operating system is currently running on 400 million devices, estimated to account for 27.72% of computers. This shows that the practical demand for this operating system is currently very high for the majority of users.

Understanding and practicing the steps to install Windows 10 is essential for every IT (Information Technology) student.

3. Preparing for installation

– Download the installation file for Windows 10, go to

– Please create an installation DVD or USB that is compatible with the system requirements.

– Configure the boot device, access the BIOS settings, and select either the optical disc or USB option.

– Requires minimum machine configuration: (for Windows 10 64bit Lite Edition 2019 v11)

  • CPU: Intel Core 2 Duo or higher.
  • RAM: 1GB or more.
  • Hard disk capacity: at least 16 GB of free space (60 GB).
  • Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later.

4. Guides for installing Windows 10

First of all, we need to create a virtual machine that fulfills the specifications outlined in Part 3. (refer to the article Create virtual machines with VMware Workstation). Next, insert the Windows disc into the optical drive as shown below.

Insert .iso file Windows 10 to CD-ROM
Insert .iso file Windows 10 to CD-ROM

4.1. Setup Windows 10 installation from an optical disc or USB

Once the virtual machine is created successfully, set up the boot device on BIOS from an optical disc. Right-click on the virtual machine (it must be off), select Power and then select Power On to Firmware to access the Boot configuration.

Enter BIOS on VMware
Enter BIOS on VMware

The interface below will show up to configure the boot device on the BIOS.

Change boot device on BIOS
Change the boot device on BIOS

To select the boot device, use the up and down arrow keys (↑↓). If using DVD/CD, choose CD-ROM Drive. If using USB, choose Removable Devices. Use the + or – keys to change the order of boot devices. The device at the top of the list will have higher priority on boot. After configuring the settings, select F10 to save them. The computer will then boot the Windows 10 installation disc.

4.2. Steps to install Windows 10 on VMware

To begin the installation process, turn on the computer and wait for the message “Press any key to boot from CD or DVD…” to appear. Then, press the “Enter” key.

Press any key to boot from CD or DVD…
Press any key to boot from CD or DVD…


  • If you press the key too late, you’ll need to reset the computer and press the key again.
  • After pressing the key successfully, the installation process will start. If the installation process is restarted to this step, don’t press any key. Pressing the key will restart the installation process and reinstall from the beginning.

Once the screen with the Windows 10 logo appears, it will show the partition screen on the physical drive (if it hasn’t been partitioned yet).

Logo Windows 10 when installing
When installing, the Windows 10 logo will appear

To create a new partition, simply click the New button and enter a capacity of 20480MB. Once complete, click the Apply button.

Create partition when installing Windows 10
Create a partition when installing Windows 10

Afterward, the system will show a list of partitions that have been created, including the automatically created Recovery, System, and MSR partitions which are utilized to store system configuration and should not be deleted.

To create another partition, select the remaining 40GB partition, click on New, and enter the remaining amount. Then, select the 20GB partition, and click on Next to install Windows 10 in the 20GB partition.

Choose partition to install Windows 10
Choose a partition to install Windows 10

Note: All partitions created are Primary Partition

Windows 10 installation process
The installation process for Windows 10

Next, the screen to enter the name will appear, enter the name. And select Next, enter the password, and select Next.

Enter name and password on Windows 10
Enter your name and password on Windows 10

On the next screen, we can activate the Cortana virtual assistant.

Active Cortana virtual assistant
Active the Cortana virtual assistant

Once completed, the interface of Windows 10 will display. And complete the installation.

Interface Windows 10 after installation
Interface Windows 10 after installation

Note: Once the installation is done, connecting your computer to a wifi network is necessary. This allows the operating system to download drivers, software, and security patches. Doing so will help to ensure that your device operates smoothly and with better performance.

5. Requirement of practice

To complete this task, follow these steps:

  1. Create a virtual machine with the name formatted as Student ID.
  2. Please configure it as follows:
    • Operating system: Windows 10
    • RAM capacity: 2048 MB
    • HDD capacity: 100 GB
    • Processor: 1 CPU – 2 cores
    • BIOS timeout: 10 seconds
    • Choose boot device: CD-ROM

To partition and install the operating system, use the Windows 10 64-bit Lite Edition 2019 v11 .iso file. Your computer has the following partitions:

  • Partition 1: 20 GB (use to install Windows 10)
  • Partition 2: 15 GB
  • Partition 3: 15 GB

The account is student ID, password: svCKC@123

Active Cortana for voice communication

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