Create virtual machines with VMware Workstation

This post is lesson 10 of 16 in the subject Computer Hardware Practice

1. What is a virtual machine?

A virtual machine is a program that emulates a computer system. It operates based on the architecture and hardware components of the physical machine.

Virtual machine architecture

Virtual machines offer an excellent alternative to physical machines. In certain instances, virtual machines can provide better performance than physical machines, such as in software testing, experimenting with new operating systems, and dealing with malware.

In the curriculum, virtual machines will be used to allow students to perform practical operations without affecting the physical machine.

Several software can be used to create virtual machines on a physical computer, including VMware Workstation, VM VirtualBox, and Windows Virtual PC.

2. Steps to create a virtual machine with VMware Workstation

To get started, simply download and install VMware Workstation software from Once the installation is complete, open the VMware Workstation program on your computer.

Start VMware

To create a new virtual machine, select File, then choose New Virtual Machine.

Initialize Virtual Machine

Select “Typical” to create a default virtual machine, or select “Custom” to configure a virtual machine.

Select mode to create Virtual Machine

Then, select the hardware that is suitable for the virtual machine to be created.

Select version of VMware

Please choose the operating system you wish to install from the following list of options:

  • Installer disc: Install the operating system from your computer’s CD-ROM drive.
  • Installer disc image file (iso): Install the operating system using a virtual disk file (*.iso).
  • I will install the operating system later: Enable virtual machine initialization before installing the operating system.
Choose install OS after creating Virtual Machine

Select the operating system to use for the virtual machine to be created.

Choose OS for virtual machine

Set up the name and folder where the virtual machine will be stored. Please remember this.

Set name for virtual machine

Please choose between BIOS or UEFI firmware type.

Choose firmware type for virtual machine

To configure the processor for the virtual machine, set the number of processors and the number of cores per processor.

Processor config

To determine the appropriate capacity for RAM of the virtual machine, use the slider or enter the capacity directly.

Config RAM capacity

Choose the network connection configuration setting that best fits your virtual machine creation requirements.

Config network type

Please select the type of disk.

Select disk type

Please choose a disk to utilize.

Select disk that you want to use

Set maximum hard disk capacity with various creation options.

Specify disk capacity

A virtual machine created successfully.

Successfull create Virtual Machine

3. Set the BIOS timeout and Boot mode in the BIOS settings

3.1. Configure BIOS timeout of virtual machine

To access the virtual machine configuration file, go to the directory where it is stored. Look for the file named [name_virtual_machine].vmx (VMware Virtual Machine Configuration File). Right-click on the file, and select Edit with Notepad++.

Edit file vmx of VMware

To set a delay before starting the operating system, add the configuration line bios.bootdelay=<value>, where <value> is the waiting time in milliseconds.

Config boot delay of VMware

To start the virtual machine, you need to enter the BIOS within a given time limit.

BIOS timeout

3.2. Configure Boot mode in BIOS

To adjust the priority order for loading data from CD-ROM, HDD, or USB, enter the BIOS program (see the article BIOS in computer and configuring BIOS settings). Then, go to the Boot tab. Use the up and down arrow keys (↑↓) to select lines and the plus and minus (+/-) keys to change the priority order.

Choose boot device in BIOS

To save the selected Boot mode and exit the BIOS, press the F10 key.

4. Requirement of practice

To complete this task, follow these steps:

  1. Create a virtual machine with the name formatted as Student ID.
  2. Please configure it as follows:
    • Operating system: Windows 10
    • RAM capacity: 2048 MB
    • HDD capacity: 100 GB
    • Processor: 1 CPU – 2 cores
    • BIOS timeout: 10 seconds
    • Choose boot device: CD-ROM
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