1. Using a While Loop in Python
while loop in python repeatedly executes a block of code while a certain condition is satisfied. The syntax for the while loop is:
while condition: # Body of while
If the condition is True, then the statements within the body of the while loop will be executed. If the condition is False, then the statements within the body of the while loop will not be executed.
Note: The Python compiler will understand any value of a condition other than 0 as True. However, None or 0 will be False.
sum = 0 i = 1 while (i < 5): sum = sum + i print(i, end=' ') i = i+1 print("\nsum = ", sum)
1 2 3 4 sum = 10
We can also use while to iterate through the elements in a list.
fruits = ["apple", "banana", "cherry"] i = 0 while i < len(fruits): print(fruits[i]) i = i + 1
apple banana cherry
2. Using a While Loop in One Line of Code
We can write the while loop in only one line of code. In this case, if the while body contains multiple statements, the statements are separated by a semicolon (;). Example:
i = 0 sum = 0 while (i < 3): i += 1; print("Welcome to Gochocit.com"); sum +=i print("sum = ", sum)
Welcome to Gochocit.com Welcome to Gochocit.com Welcome to Gochocit.com sum = 6
3. Using a While Loop with an Else Statement
Similar to the for loop in Python, the while loop can also be used with else. The statements in the else block only execute after the condition of the while loop is False.
Note: In case the while loop has a break statement and the break statement makes the loop exit, the statements in the else block will not be executed.
Example using while loop with else
numbers = [0, 1, 5] i = 0 while i < len(numbers): print(numbers[i]) i = i + 1 else: print("That is all in the numbers list.")
0 1 5 That is all in the numbers list.
For example, using a while loop with break and else
print("#Result 1") i = 0 while i < 4: if(i!=9): print(i) else: break i = i + 1 else: # Executed because break in for is not executed print("No Break") print("#Result 2") i = 0 while i < 4: if(i!=3): print(i) else: break i = i + 1 else: # Not executed as there is a break is executed print("No Break")
#Result 1 0 1 2 3 No Break #Result 2 0 1 2
In the above example, if break in while is executed (making the loop exit), then else will not be executed. However, if there is a break in while but it is not executed, then else will still be executed.
4. Checking Input Values with While Loops
The property of the while loop is to repeatedly execute a block of code until a certain condition is met. Based on this property, we can use while to help check the input value that the user enters. If the input value that the user enters does not meet the requirements, then the user will be asked to re-enter until the requirements are met. Example:
a = int(input('Enter a positive number: ')) while a <= 0: a = int(input('Enter a positive number: '))
Enter a positive number: -9 Enter a positive number: -1 Enter a positive number: -2 Enter a positive number: -8 Enter a positive number: -5 Enter a positive number: 7
The while loop helps check a number entered if a <= 0 then continue to enter. Until the user enters a > 0, then it stops.